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  November 26, 1975

National Security Decision Memorandum 314  
TO: The Secretary of State
The Secretary of the Treasury
The Secretary of Defense
The Secretary of Agriculture
The Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare
The Administrator, Agency for International Development
SUBJECT: Implications of Worldwide Population Growth for United
States Security and Overseas Interests

The President has reviewed the interagency response to NSSM 200
and the covering memorandum from the Chairman of the NSC Under
Secretaries Committee. He believes that United States leadership
is essential to combat population growth, to implement the World
Population Plan of Action and to advance United States security and
overseas interests. The President endorses the policy recommenda-
tions contained in the Executive Summary of the NSSM 200 response,
with the following observations and exceptions:

AID Programs

Care must be taken that our AID program efforts are not so diffuse
as to have little impact upon those countries contributing the largest
growth in population, and where reductions in fertility are most
needed for economic and social progress.

Research and Evaluation

An examination should be undertaken of the effectiveness of population
control programs in countries at all levels of development, but with


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emphasis on the LDC's. The examination should include an evaluation
of AID program efforts as well as other efforts by national or inter-
national groups. The study would attempt to determine the separate
effect of the population program, taking account of other economic or
social factors which may have also influenced fertility.

Research on broader issues should be undertaken examining the factors
affecting change (or lack of change) in the birth rate in different

Funding for Population Programs:

The President desires that a review be undertaken quickly to examine
specific recommendations for funding in the population assistance and
family planning field for the period after FY 1976. The President
wishes a detailed analysis of the recommended funding levels in the
NSSM 200 study bearing in mind his desire to advance population
goals. This analysis should include performance criteria to assure
that any additional funds are utilized in the most effective manner.
The appropriate level of funding of multilateral programs which
effectively support this objective should be included in this review.
The Chairman of the USC is responsible for preparing this analysis
which is due 60 days from the date of this NSDM.

The Role of Other Countries:

Emphasis should be given to fostering international cooperation in
reducing population growth in pursuing the recommendations of the
World Population Plan of Action. It is important to enlist additional
contributions from other developed and newly rich countries for
bilateral and multilateral programs.

Basic Approach to Developing Countries' Population Programs:

Leaders of key developing countries should be encouraged to support
national and multilateral population assistance programs.

The objective of the United States in this field is to work closely with
others rather than to seek to impose our views on others. Our efforts
should stress the linkage between reduced population growth and the


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resultant economic and social gains for the poorest nations. In all
these efforts, we should recognize the basic dignity of the individual
and his or her right to choose freely family goals and family planning

National and World Population Goals:

The President believes that the recommendation contained in para-
graph 31(c) of the Executive Summary dealing with the announcement of
a United States national goal is outside the scope of NSSM 200. Of
course, domestic efforts in this field must continue in order to achieve
worldwide recognition that the United States has been successfully
practicing the basic recommendations of the World Plan of Action and
that the nation's birthrate is below the replacement level of fertility.
In order to obtain the support of the United States citizens for our
involvement in international population programs, it is important that
they recognize that excessive world population growth can affect
domestic problems including economic expansion as well as world

Concerning the consideration of World Population Goals in paragraph
31(b), it should be understood that the general goal of achieving global
replacement levels of fertility by the year 2000 does not imply inter-
ference in the national policies of other countries.

The Under Secretaries Committee, in conjunction with all appropriate
agencies of the Executive Branch, may wish to make further recom-
mendations to the President on these subjects.

Coordination of United States Global Population Policy:

Implementation of a United States worldwide population strategy will
involve careful coordination. The response to NSSM 200 is a good
beginning, but as noted above, there is need for further examination
of the mix of United States assistance strategy and its most efficient

The President, therefore, assigns to the Chairman, NSC Under Secre-
taries Committee, the responsibility to define and develop policy in
the population field and to coordinate its implementation beyond the
NSSM 200 response.


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The Chairman is instructed to submit an initial report within six
months from this date on the implementation of this policy, with recom-
mendations for any modifications in our strategy, funding programs,
and particularly, the identification of possible deficiencies. Thereafter
the Chairman is instructed to submit reports to the President annually.

The Chairman is authorized to request other appropriate bodies and
agencies to assist him in this task as required. For the purpose of
implementing this NSDM, the Under Secretaries Committee should
include, in addition to the addressee members, ex officio representa-
tives of the following agencies:

Council on Environmental Quality
Office of Management and Budget
The President's Science Adviser


cc: The Chairman, NSC Under Secretaries Committee
The Director, Office of Management and Budget
The Chairman, Council of Economic Advisers
The Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff
The Director of Central Intelligence
The Chairman, Council of Environmental Quality



A photostat copy of NSDM 314 is available at the Gerald R. Ford Library website. OR Click | p1 | p2 | p3 | p4 |

NSDM 314
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