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  April 24, 1974

 
National Security Study Memorandum 200
 
TO: The Secretary of Defense
The Secretary of Agriculture
The Director of Central Intelligence
The Deputy Secretary of State
Administrator, Agency for International Development
 
SUBJECT: Implications of Worldwide Population Growth for U.S.
Security and Overseas Interests

 
The President has directed a study of the impact of world population growth
on U.S. security and overseas interests. The study should look forward
at least until the year 2000, and use several alternative reasonable pro-
jections of population growth.

In terms of each projection, the study should assess:
-- the corresponding pace of development, especially in poorer
countries;
-- the demand for US exports, especially of food, and the trade pro-
blems the US may face arising from competition for re-
sources; and
-- the likelihood that population growth or imbalances will produce
disruptive foreign policies and international instability.
The study should focus on the international political and economic implica-
tions of population growth rather than its ecological, sociological or other
aspects.

The study would then offer possible courses of action for the United States
in dealing with population matters abroad, particularly in developing
countries, with special attention to these questions:
-- What, if any, new initiatives by the United States are needed to
focus international attention on the population problem?
-- Can technological innovations or development reduce growth or
ameliorate its effects?

 

 
- 2 -

-- Could the United States improve its assistance in the population
field and if so, in what form and through which agencies -- bi-
lateral, multilateral, private?
The study should take into account the President's concern that population
policy is a human concern intimately related to the dignity of the individual
and the objective of the United States is to work closely with others, rather
than seek to impose our views on others.

The President has directed that the study be accomplished by the NSC Under
Secretaries Committee. The Chairman, Under Secretaries Committee, is re-
quested to forward the study together with the Committee's action recommen-
dations no later than May 29, 1974 for consideration by the President.

 

cc: Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


NSSM 200 MAIN
NSDM 76
INITIATING MEMO
NSSM 200 REPORT   /   EXEC SUMMMARY
ENDORSEMENT MEMO
NSDM 314
NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL   o   USAID-PHN   o   USAID CONTRACTORS   o   U.N. NGO FRONTS   o   U.S. NGO FRONTS
1974 PLAN OF ACTION (Bucharest)   o   1994 PLAN OF ACTION (Cairo)   o   1995 PLATFORM FOR ACTION (Beijing)
CONGRESS LETTER TO HEADS OF STATE
SENATE HEARING ON U.N. CONFERENCES
CONGRESS MEMO ON HABITAT AGENDA